Sports hernia is also called athletic pubalgia. It is due to a weakening of the lower abdominal wall where the muscles and tendons are thinner therefore an outpouching occurs. Sports activities such as rugby, wrestling, and football that involve planting the feet and twisting with maximum exertion can cause a tear in the soft tissue of the lower abdomen or groin.
Symptoms include pain in the lower abdomen, groin, or sometimes in the testicles.
Diagnosis is based on physical examination including specific tests, imaging with an X-ray, and an MRI.
Treatment is divided into non-surgical and surgical. Non-surgical treatment includes rest in the initial stage, physiotherapy, and anti-inflammatories. failing that Surgical intervention may be warranted to repair the defect.